English Scientific References and Bibliography


Piontelli A., “Infant observation from before birth”. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1987; 68 (Pt 4): 453-463.

Negri R., Guareschi-Cazzullo A., Vergani P., Mariani S., Roncaglia N. “Correlazione tra la vita prenatale e formazione della personalità. Studio preliminare attraverso l’osservazione di due gemelli”. Quaderni di psicoterapia infantile, 1990; 2: 148-165. Roma: Borla.

Tajani E., Ianniruberto A., “The uncovering of fetal competence”; in Papini M., Pasquinelli A., Gidoni E.A. (Eds.), Developement Handicap and Rehabilitation: Practice and Theory, 1990, pp. 3-8. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers.

Hepper P.G., “Foetal learning: implications for Psychiatry?” British Journal of Psychiatry, 1989; 155: 289-293.

De Casper A.J., Fifer W.P., “Of human bonding: newborns prefer their mother’s voices”. Science, 1980; 208: 1174.

Bottos N., Tonin C., “Strategia di sviluppo neuromotorio dell’immaturo”. Giornale di Neuropsichiatria dell’Età Evolutiva, 1983; 3-4, pp.561 ss.

Righetti P., “Le emozioni e gli stati dell’Io Prenatale”. III OMAEP International Congress Fondamenti Biologici e Psicologici dell’Educazione Prenatale – Roma, 1998.

Della Vedova A., Imbasciati A., “Alle origini della mente: lo studio della vita psichica fetale”. Giornale di Neuropsichiatria dell’Età Evolutiva, 1998;

Gottlieb G., “Conceptions of prenatal development. Behavioral embryology”. Psychological Rewiew, 1976; Vol. 83, No. 3: 215-234

Prechtl H.F.R., “Continuity of neural functions from prenatal to postnatal life”, 1984. Oxford: Blackwell.

Montagu A., “Touching: the human significance of the skin” 1978. New York: Harper & Row.

Schaal B., Orgeur P., Rognon C., “Odor sensing in the human fetus: anatomical, functional, and chemeo-ecological bases”; in Lecanuet J-P., Fifer W.P., Krasnegor N.A., Smotherman W. P. (Eds.), Fetal development: a psychobiological perspective, 1995, pp.205-237. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Smotherman W.P., Robinson S.R, “Tracing developmental trajectories into the prenatal period. fetal development”; in Lecanuet J-P., Fifer W.P., Krasnegor N.A., Smotherman W. P. (Eds.), Fetal development: a psychobiological perspective, 1995, pp. 15-32. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hepper P.G. “Human fetal olfactory learning”. International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology & Medicine, 1995; 7: 147-151.

Pujol R., Lavigne-Rebillard M., Uziel A., “Physiological correlates of development of human cochlea”. Seminars in Perinatology, 1990; August (14): 275-280.

Shahidullah S., Hepper P.G., “Frequency discrimination by the fetus”. Early Human Development, 1994; 36(1): 13-26.

Atkinson J., Braddick O., “Sensory and perceptual capacities of the neonate”; in Paul Stratton (Ed.), Psychobiology of the Human Newborn, 1982, pp. 191-220. London: John Wiley.

Birnholz J.C., “The development of human fetal Eye Movement Patterns”. Science, 1981; 213: 679-681.

De Vries J.I.P., Visser G.H.A., Prechtl H.F.R., “The emergence of fetal behavior. Quantitative aspects”. Early Human Development, 1985; 12: 99-120.

Roffwarg H.A., Muzio J.N., Dement W.C., “Ontogenetic development of the human Sleep-Dream Cycle”. Science, 1966; 152: 604-619.

Madison L.S., Adubato S.A., Madison J.K. et al., “Fetal response decrement: true habituation?”. Developmental and Behavioural Pediatrics, 1986; 7(1), 14-20.

Spelt D.K., “The conditioning the human fetus in utero”. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1948; 38: 338-346.

Salk L., “The effects of the normal heartbeat sound on the behaviour of the newborn infant: implications for mental health”. Technical paper presented at the Annual Meeting of The World Federation of Mental Health. Edinburgh, December 1960.

Salk L., “Mother’s heartbeat as an imprinting stimulus”. Transactions of the New York Academy of Science, 1962; 24: 761-762.

Righetti P.L., “The foetus emotional experiences” International Congress, 10th  May 1997 – Padova.

Fava Vizziello G.M., Cristiani F.M., Righetti P.L., “Prima filii imago”. NAM, Nuovi Argomenti in Medicina. Milan.

De Casper A.J., Prescott P.A., “Human newborn’s perception of male voices: preference, discrimination and reinforcing value”. Developmental Psychobiology, 1984; 17: 481-491.

De Casper A.J., Spence M.J., “Prenatal maternal speech influences newborns perception of speech sound”. Infant Behavior and Development, 1986; 9: 133-150.

Kolata G., “Studying learning in the womb”. Science, 1984; July 20 (225): 302-303.

Hepper P.G., “Foetal ‘soap’ addiction”. Lancet, 1988; Jun 11: 1347-1348.

Hepper P.G., Shannon E.A., Dornan J.C., “Sex differences in fetal mouth movements”. Lancet, 1997; Dec 20/27: 1820.

Van de Carr M.D., Lehrer M., “Prenatal University; commitment to fetal-family bonding and the strengthening of the family unit as an educational institution”. Pre and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 1988; 3(2).

Van de Car M.D., Leherer M., “Enhancing early speech, parental bonding and infant physical development using prenatal intervention in standard obstetric practice”. Pre and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 1986; 1(1).

Diamond M., “Mother’s enriched environment alters brain of unborn rats”. Brain/Mind Bulletin, 1987; (12)7: 1-5.

Daniels J.D., Pettigrew J.D., “Development of neuronal responses in the visual system of cats”; in Gottlieb G. (Ed.), Development of neural and behavioral specificity, 1976. New York: Academic Press.

Logan B., “Teaching the unborn: precept and practice”. Pre and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 1987; 2(1).

Sontag L.W., “War and the foetal-maternal relationship”. Marriage and Family Living, 1944; 6: 3-5.

Stott D.H., “Follow up study from birth of the effects of prenatal stresses”. Dev Med Child Neurol 1973; 15(6): 770-787.

Stott D.H., “Children in the womb; the effects of stress”. New Society, 1977; May 19: 329-31.

Ferreira A.J., “Emotional factors in prenatal environment”. J Nerv Ment Dis, 1965; 141: 108-9.

Turner EK., “The syndrome in the infant resulting from maternal emotional tension during pregnancy”. Med J Aust, 1956; 1: 221-2.

Helper M.M., Cohen R.L., Beitenman E.T., Eaton L.F., “Life events and acceptance of pregnancy”. J Psychosom Res, 1968; 12: 183-8.

Carey-Smith M.J., “Before birth: effects of prenatal influences on later life”. New Zealand Medical Journal, 1984; Jan 11: 15-17.

Araki M, Nishitani S, Ushimaru K, Masuzaki H, Oishi K, Shinohara K. (2010). “Foetal response to induced maternal emotions”. J Physiol Sci., 60, 213-20.

Barnett BE, Hanna B, Parker G (1983): “Life event scales for obstetric groups”. J Psychosom Res 27:313–320.

Bergman K, Sarkar P, Glover V, O’Connor TG. (2010). “Maternal prenatal cortisol and infant cognitive development: moderation by infant-mother attachment”. Biol Psychiatry, 67, 1026-32.

Castiello U, Becchio C, Zoia S, Nelini C, Sartori L, Blason L, D’Ottavio G, Bulgheroni M, Gallese V. (2010). “Wired to be social: the ontogeny of human interaction”. PLOS One, 5(10).

Gracka-Tomaszewska M. (2010). “Psychological factors during pregnancy correlated with infant low birth weigh”. Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab., 16, 216-9.

Kisilevsky BS, Hains SM, Brown CA, Lee CT, Cowperthwaite B, Stutzman SS, Swansburg ML, Lee K, Xie X, Huang H, Ye HH, Zhang K, Wang Z. (2009). “Foetal sensitivity to properties of maternal speech and language”. Infant Behav Dev., 32, 59-71.

Kisilevsky BS, Hains SM, Lee K, Xie X, Huang H, Ye HH, Zhang K, Wang Z. (2003).” Effects of experience on fetal voice recognition”. Psychol Sci., 14, 220-4.

Martini J, Knappe S, Beesdo-Baum K, Lieb R, Wittchen HU. (2010). “Anxiety disorders before birth and self-perceived distress during pregnancy: associations with maternal depression and obstetric, neonatal and early childhood outcomes”. Early Hum Dev., 86, 305-10.

Spielberger CDGI, Lushene RE (1983): Manual for the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

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